The study aimed at farmers’ breeding practice and traits of economic importance for indigenous chicken in lume district, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Random samplings were employed to select sample kebeles based on chicken population and purposively select respondents. Administrations of pretested questionnaire were employed on three kebeles of 90 respondents’ scavenging chicken keepers, were interviewed. The kebele respondents’ were categorized in to 1st, 2nd and 3rd strata having 1-10, 11-20 or 21-49 chicken, respectively. About 97.8 % of the respondents used their hens to incubate the eggs and brood the chicks. Type of container or material used for incubation was not significantly (p<0.05) different across the strata. From overall, (66.7%) of response used ‘dogogo or dimignit’ (made up soil). farmers practiced control and uncontrolled mating system not significant (p<0.05) different across the three strata. From the overall households uncontrolled mating (81.1%). majority of respondents in all three strata cull their bird for selling purpose (income) (83.3%). Majority of the household (33.3%) keep the chicken for production egg and meat production. The household use egg for income generation (57.8%), for home consumption (24.4%) and Most of the respondent consume or eat egg and chicken meat during the religion/cultural or holiday (64.4%), (93.3%), respectively.