Abstract

Gmelina arborea Roxb is a major income earner for the Government and people of Cross River State, Nigeria. In spite of the vast economic potential of this plant in Nigeria, very little pathological research had been done on diseases afflicting this valuable species. In view of this, a survey on mycoflora and diseases associated with G. arborea was carried out in major plantations in Oban and Awi in Akamkpa Local Government Area and Ovonum in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Twenty four plant stands were sampled in four sites per location. The plant stands were examined for various disease symptoms and the means of infection calculated in each location. Percentage frequencies (occurrence) were also determined using the means. Randomized Block Design (RBD) was used for the experiment. A total of twenty fungi were isolated (root, bark, leaf, seed and soil) while five fungal diseases were identified in the field. The fungal isolates were: Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Apodachlya pyrifera, Botroyodiplodia theobromae, Bouvularia sp, Ceratocystis fimbriata, Cercospora appi, Chalaropsis sp, Dacromyces deliquescens, Fusarium oxysporum, Geotrichum sp, Mucor mucedo, Penicillium vermiculatum, Penicillium thomii, Phoma herbarum, Rhizopus stolonifer, Thielaviopsis brasicola, Trichoderma viride, Trichosporonoide oedocephalus and Graphium penicilliodes. The diseases were leaf spot, stem canker, die back, Butt and root rot and Damping off. Of the twenty fungal isolates, A. flavus occurred in all parts of the plant and the soil while others occurred in four or three parts. Pathogenicity tests revealed that all the isolated fungi were pathogenic on G. arborea.

How to Cite
ETIM JOHNSON, AKWAJI PATRICK ISHORO, MARKSON, ANIEDI-ABASI AKPAN, UDO SAMUEL EFFIONG, Umana,. Gmelina Arborea Roxb: Associated Mycoflora and Diseases in Cross River State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], june 2015. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/1589>. Date accessed: 19 june 2021.