Abstract

A survey of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) genotypes in 25 commercial broiler flocks of various ages (20-35 days) raised in Al-Behera and Kafr-Elsheikh governorates and suffering from respiratory symptoms and pathological changes in kidney associated with high mortality rate. All flocks were vaccinated against IB disease. Tissue samples (trachea, lung and kidney) were collected aseptically from these flocks. Then virus propagation was performed in embryonated SPF chicken eggs via allantoic sac inoculation. Results of virus isolation trails from the collected organs revealed 15 IBV isolates (60%) out of 25 flocks as judged by antigen detection in CAMs by the AGPT against reference IBV Beaudette antiserum after 2-5 chicken embryo serial passages. However, three of 15 IBV isolates were also positive by the slide HA test. Moreover, 5 flocks gave positive slide HA test and negative by the AGPT. The other 5 flocks gave negative slide HA test and AGPT. Then selected ten IBV field isolated strains in this study were characterized by RT-PCR (all of ten selected isolates are positive for S1 gene), and then sequence analysis of partial S1 spike glycoprotein gene of seven IBV field isolates in this study (11, 15, 21, 13, 19, 22, 24) were made. The seven IBV field isolates showed 97% to 98.3 % and 96.7% to 98.3% nucleotide sequence identity to IBV-CU-2-SP1 and Eg/12120s/2012 strain (variant 2 like strain), respectively.

How to Cite
M. AWAD, MAHMOUD E. SEDIEK, MOHAMED E. EL-YAMANY, Ashraf. Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Novel IBV Isolates from Broiler Chicken Farms in Egypt. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], nov. 2014. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/1405>. Date accessed: 24 may 2022.