If it is true that galaxy constitutes so many stars, each star constitutes so many hydrogen atoms and light is coming from the excited electron of hydrogen atom, then considering redshift as an index of 'whole galaxy' receding may not be reasonable. Clearly speaking, the observed cosmic redshift can be reinterpreted as an index of ‘cosmological’ thermodynamic light emission mechanism. During cosmic evolution, at any time in the past, in hydrogen atom- emitted photon energy was always inversely proportional to the CMBR temperature. Thus past light emitted from older galaxy’s excited hydrogen atom will show redshift with reference to the current laboratory data. Note that there will be no change in the energy of the emitted photon during its journey from the distant galaxy to the observer. As there is no observational or experimental evidence to Friedmann’s second assumption and as ‘critical density’ itself represents the density of ‘growing and light speed rotating black hole’, the density classification scheme of Friedmann cosmology must be reviewed at fundamental level and possibly can be relinquished. Rate of decrease in current ‘Hubble’s constant’ can be considered as a measure of current cosmic ‘rate of expansion’. If rate of decrease in current ‘Hubble’s constant is very small and is beyond the scope of current experimental verification, then the two possible states are: a) current ‘Hubble’s constant is decreasing at a very slow rate and current universe is expanding at a very slow rate and b) at present there is no ‘observable’ cosmic expansion or acceleration. To understand the ground reality, sensitivity and accuracy of current methods of estimating the magnitude of 0Hmust be improved and alternative methods must be developed. In this new direction by combining the basics of general theory of relativity, quantum mechanics and particle physics authors proposed 5 new methods for estimating the accurate value of 0H and can

How to Cite
V. S. SESHAVATHARAM, S. LAKSHMINARAYANA, U.. Understanding Cosmic Temperature, Redshift, Growth Rate and Age in Stoney Scale Black Hole Cosmology. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], aug. 2014. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/1110>. Date accessed: 17 aug. 2022.