Abstract

This research project was conducted to study the possibility of using calcite powder as a calcium supplement for livestock feeding. Samples of calcite powder procured from different parts of India were analyzed for dry matter (DM), total ash, acid insoluble ash and major and trace minerals using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer followed by determination of ruminal solubility of calcium carbonate, calcite, dolomite, lime stone powder and di-calcium phosphate powder as source of calcium. The results showed that samples of calcite powder procured from different parts of India, varied in Ca content (%) from 39.0 to 41.3 with an average of 40.03 ± 0.27%. These values were comparable to the Ca content of calcium carbonate samples (39.17 ± 0.3%). However, P and Mg contents of calcite powder were higher than that of calcium carbonate. Mn content of both the calcium sources was similar, but Cu and Zn contents of calcite powder were higher than in calcium carbonate. Levels of toxic minerals like lead and cadmium were lower in calcite powder than in calcium carbonate but the fluorine content in the later was lower than in calcite powder indicating that calcite powder has the potential to be used as a source of calcium in the animal ration. Solubility of the calcium sources studied was low at pH 7 and ranged from 1.74 ± 1.36 in Dolomite to 2.94 ± 0.95 percent in Dicalcium phosphate (DCP). Reducing the pH of the ruminal buffer at 6 increased their solubility and the pattern was almost similar to that recorded at pH 7. Further reduction of pH of ruminal buffer to 2.5, increased their solubility significantly (up to 72.63%), however, Ca solubility of calcium carbonate and dolomite was lower than other calcium supplements. It was concluded that calcite and lime stone powders may be good source of Ca under the conditions when ruminal pH is towards lower side.

How to Cite
ABEGAZE BEYENE, Dr.. Possibility of using Calcite Powder as a Calcium Supplement for Livestock. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 5-D, may 2012. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/513>. Date accessed: 02 july 2022.