Abstract

Hawking and Penrose proposed “A new theorem on spacetime singularities … which largely incorporates and generalizes the previously know results†which they claimed “implies that space-time singularities are to be expected if either the universe is spatially closed or there is an ‘object’ undergoing relativistic gravitational collapse (existence of a trapped surface)†and that their ‘Theorem’ applies if four certain physical conditions are satisfied. Hartle, Hawking and Hertog have proposed a quantum state with wave function for the Universe which they assert “raises the possibility that even fundamental theories with a negative cosmological constant can be consistent with our low-energy observations of a classical, accelerating universe.†They also relate this concept to string cosmology. It is however proven in this paper that the Hawking-Penrose Singularity ‘Theorem’ and accelerated expansion of the Universe with negative Λ are invalid because they are based upon demonstrably false foundations relating to Einstein’s field equations, trapped surfaces, and the cosmological constant

How to Cite
J. CROTHERS, Stephen. On the Invalidity of the Hawking-Penrose Singularity ‘Theorems’ and Acceleration of the Universe from Negative Cosmological Constant. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], june 2013. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/806>. Date accessed: 23 jan. 2022.