Abstract

In the last three decades, India has been facing the unusual weather condition that the affects the socialecological balance. The summers are getting hotter; winters colder, drought, stronger storms, heat waves, floods, cloud burst, cyclones, and anomalous seasonal weather frequency and intensity have been historical expectations. Indian climate is affected by winds coming from the Indian Ocean as well as cold, dry northern winds along with atmospheric Hedley and Farrell cell wind and variation in these atmospheric winds. The change in solar radiation may impact these wind patterns, and extreme climatic events that happened globally. To better understand the impact and trend of solar and atmospheric disparities and associated climatic factors such as mean solar radiation, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, wind speed & wind direction and temperature, on extreme climatic conditions in Western India, selected the confluence area of Hedley and tropical wind. They divert at 30°N -25°N latitude as a variation of ITCZ, would be beneficial to understand the actual reason behind the increasing the extreme climatic condition. The city Kota is situated at 25°N latitude under the state of Rajasthan, India, selected for the study. After the detailed data interpretation, it observed that the average solar radiation has decreased by 1.15%, 0.28%, and 2.33% for the yearly, Ist half, and IInd half-year, the atmospheric pressure has increased by 0.066%, 0.035%, and 0.097% in the yearly, Ist half and IInd half-year respectively, the precipitation has decreased by 26.16 % the yearly, 10.61% and 28.66% in the the yearly, Ist half and IInd half-year respectively from the year 1988-1997 to the year 2008-2019. The maximum and minimum temperature was increased by 3.29% and 4.62% from the year 1988-1997 to the year 2008-2019. The Ist half and IInd half-year average maximum and minimum temperature were increased by 3.91% & 4.09%, and 4.04% & 5.14% respectively. Based on data out comes, predicted the future climatic condition for the years 2051-2060 and possible extreme climatic conditions over Western India that could be helpful in mitigation and land use plan for the extreme climatic conditions.

How to Cite
KUMAR PANDEY, Vinay. Role of Solar & Atmospheric disparity on Climate of Western India, Kota, Rajasthan, India. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, [S.l.], jan. 2022. ISSN 2249-4626. Available at: <https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/3060>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2022.